ISSN 2321–3647
Sun, 19 Nov 2017

Improving the Photostability of Vitamin K1 (Phylloquinone) in organic solvent

Farida M. El-Daras 1, Marwa H. Tammam 1, Omnia I. M. Ali1, Shaymaa S. Nour2*

1. Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Ain Helwan, Cairo, 11795, Egypt

2. Bioavailability center, National Organization for Drug Control and Research (NODCAR), P.O.  Box 29 Giza, Egypt


The photostability of vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) in bulk powder and in its dosage form was studied according to the conditions suggested by ICH Guideline (option 2).  The results showed that the rate of Photodegradation of vitamin K1 follows first order kinetics and it is higher in its dosage form than in bulk powder. Attempts have been made to improve the photostability of vitamin K1 by combination with different photoprotective agents such as p-aminobenzoic acid (PAPA), tartaric acid, boric acid, citric acid, sodium benzoate, titanium dioxide (TiO2), zinc oxide (ZnO), propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate and methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate. The photodecompositions products were monitored by UV-Vis spectrophotometric method and HPLC. It was found that 0.01% PABA was the best photoprotective agent, which improved the photostability of vitamin K1 by 46 fold. The method was validated according to ICH guideline. The calibration graph was linear over the concentration range of 1.1× 10-5- 30.0 ×10-5 mol L-1. The limit of detection and the limit of quantification were 2.42 × 10-6 and 7.35 ×10-6 mol L-1, respectively.

Keywords: Phylloquinone, Photostability, 4-aminobenzoic acid; HPLC, UV-Vis spectrophotometry

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