ISSN 2321–3647
Sat, 18 Nov 2017

Design and Characterization of Sustained Release Nevirapine Matrix Tablets Containing Tamarind Seed Polysaccharide

Lalita Naiknaware1*, Pooja Pawar1, Sonali kale1

1. D.S.T.S.M’s college of pharmacy, Solapur-413004.


The present study was aimed to develop generic formulation of sustained release matrix tablets of Nevirapine using TSP as a hydrophilic polymer. The tamarind seed polysaccharide was extracted from tamarind kernel powder and this polysaccharide was utilized in the formulation of matrix tablets containing Nevirapine by wet granulation technique and evaluated for its drug release characteristics. TSP is a hydrophilic and rate controlling polymer. Granules were prepared and evaluated for loose bulk density, tapped density, compressibility index and angle of repose, shows satisfactory results. Formulation was optimized on the basis of acceptable tablet properties (hardness, friability, drug content and weight variations.), in vitro drug release and stability studies. All the formulations showed compliance with pharmacopoeial standards. The in vitro release study of matrix tablets were carried out in phosphate buffer pH 7.4 for 12hr. Among all the formulations, F5 shows 99.062% better controlled release at the end of 12 hr. The results indicated that a decrease in release kinetics of the drug was observed by increasing the polymer concentration. The release data was fitted to various mathematical models such as, Higuchi, Krosmeyer-Peppas, first-order, and zero order to evaluate the kinetics and mechanism of the drug release. The drug release of optimized formulations F5 follows Krosmeyer-Peppas kinetics and the mechanism was found to be diffusion coupled with erosion (non-Fickian diffusion). The stability studies were carried out according to ICH guideline which indicates that the selected formulation were stable.

Keywords: Nevirapine, Extracted tamarind seed polysaccharide, matrix tablet, sustained release, Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI’s)

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