ISSN 2321–3647
Sun, 19 Nov 2017

Cardio-vascular risk factors Senegalese military personnel: a looming threat

Ndiaye AA1,2, Seck SM2,3, Gueye B1, Tall AB1, Sow PG1, Gaye A1, Tal-Dia A4.

1. Community Health Department, University Alioune Diop of Bambey, Bambey City, Senegal.

2. Army Health Service, Camp Dial Diop Dakar, Senegal.

3. Faculty of Health Sciences, Gaston Berger University, Saint-Louis, Senegal.

4. Public Health Department, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal.


ABSTRACT

Chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) are a public health issue. The epidemiological transition coexists with infectious diseases and international guidelines recommend that resources-limited countries make population surveys on CNCDs. In absence of national data this study aimed to assess CNCDs risk factors in the senegalese armed forces personnel. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among active military people aged 25 to 60 years. Participation was voluntary. A two stages stratified sampling method was used. The adjusted sample was 1513 individuals. All data were analyzed using R software. A five factors risk score was determined. We included 1125 participants in the study with a mean age of 39.7±9.1 years and sex ratio of 28.6. The prevalence of current smoking was 17.3 %.  Mean intake of fruits and vegetables was about 4. About 72% of participants had a moderate or intense activity at least three times a week. The prevalences of overweight and hypertension were 30.5% and 28.4% respectively. More than one third presented a high cardiovascular risk (at least three risk factors). The high prevalence of CNCDs risk factors, can predict a real threat in general population. A program for CNCDs prevention and screening is needed.

Keywords:  Senegalese, CVS,


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